Within the forum “Challenges of Education in Venezuela” organized by the National Assembly of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, and in the complex context of the country, the director of Fe y Alegría, Manuel Aristorena, S.J. on behalf of the educational movement, has presented eight challenges so that the right to education can be effective in Venezuela.
1. The classrooms are left without educators; the schools have lowered their enrolments. Few young people want to be educators. Against this deficit of educators, there is the challenge for the Venezuelan state and society to make attractive the teaching career, worthy of the best. This requires dignifying its situation and improving the trainings. There can be no quality education with teachers adding up hours in various schools in order to survive.
2. Against the growing violence and the difficulty of solving problems peacefully, the challenge is to educate for peaceful coexistence, so that the violence will not be attractive to children and young people and that violence does not end with children and adolescents. The State must ensure the peace of the environment: in our schools only they have killed students, teachers, representatives, and a guard and stolen 200 computers. Committed teachers are true heroes.
3. Against the deinstitutionalization process and the citizenship deficit, we are challenged to train citizens able to see the rules as values, citizens aware of their rights and their duties, from early childhood education.
4. Venezuela has record in Latin America for its rate of early pregnancy. An IDEHNA study certifies it. It is the only problem that the Venezuelan State admitted last year in the examination before the International Committee on the Rights of Children and Adolescents in Geneva. There isn´t a massive and adequate approach to regress this problem. Education is needed not only to prevent the early pregnancy, but also for the responsible sexuality. This is a challenge.
5. Quality is a pending issue of the Venezuelan education. Having well-trained managers, professional supervisors who can accompany and having a quality evaluation system is a challenge.
6. 100% of children age of early education is not being attended. According to official data, from every 100 children 23 are outside the system at this age. A major challenge is to universalize the early childhood education. In the Middle Education is a major gap that must be covered as well. It is a challenge building the necessary spaces to guarantee the right to education and providing the necessary resources.
7. Against the problem of the rentier mentality and the productivity crisis, the challenge is to educate for entrepreneurship and productive work, to assure graduates to creatively solve problems, generate quality services and have the skills for productive work.
8. The classrooms also are left without students, especially in Middle Education. Against school dropouts, the challenge is to update the Middle Education curriculum, so it can be relevant, useful, once again, attractive, along with improving school climate.