May 25th is Africa Day, and we have recopilado some data about the state of the education in the continent. The sub-Saharan region has the highest percentage of non-schooled children: 52% (31 million) don’t go to school. Only 69% reach the last year of primary school, a number that points out the contrast with other world regions, in which at least 90% of scholars end primary school.
“52% of children in scholar age don’t receive an education”
Education is not compulsory in all the countries; on the contrary. In some countries as Botswana, Burundi, Ivory Coast, Eritrea, Gambia, Malawi, Somalia and Zambia an educational law that obliges children to go to school daily doesn’t exist. Kenya is the only country where the school is compulsory until the age of 18. In other countries, secondary education is considered a choice.
In this region, another major problem is the lack of teacher training. Less than three-quarters of primary school teachers are educated, while half of secondary educators have had a tertiary education. In 2014, only 8% of the sub-Saharan population began university studies, a figure that is far from the second region with the lowest percentage of university students, South Asia, with 23%.
The right to quality education for everyone still remains to be one of the great challenges of a continent that is full of diversity and complexity and uneven development levels. Today, Africa Day turns out to be a right opportunity to defend the political actions needed to make the right to quality education a real inalienable right for all people.